1105269-1 : n : 12/09/2008 : MCS / th LRS2008-4813
SYNOPSIS: This bill adopts a procedure for implementing and administering a green fleets program of procuring state motor vehicles based on criteria that include fuel economy and life cycle costing. A Green Fleets Review Committee would ensure compliance with the plans for procuring fuel efficient state motor vehicle fleets.
TO BE ENTITLED
To adopt a procedure for implementing and administering a green fleets program of procuring state motor vehicles based on criteria that include fuel economy and life cycle costing; to require fleet managers of state motor vehicles to classify their vehicle inventory for compliance with this act; to establish goals for fuel efficiency for state motor vehicles; to establish procurement policies; to create the Green Fleets Review Committee to ensure compliance; to provide for advisory subcommittees; and to provide that fleet managers submit annual plans for procuring fuel-efficient vehicles.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF ALABAMA:
Section 1. (a) The Legislature of Alabama makes the following findings and statements:
(1) Energy use associated with the operation of state motor vehicle fleets exacerbates local air quality problems and results in greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global climate change.
(2) Agencies and departments of state government have a significant role to play in improving local air quality and reducing greenhouse gas emissions by improving the energy efficiency of its fleets and reducing emissions from fleet operations.
(3) Improving the energy efficiency of state fleets will result in a significant monetary savings in the long term.
(b) The Legislature expresses its intent as follows:
(1) To express its power as a participant in the marketplace to ensure that purchases and expenditures of public monies are made in a manner consistent with the policies of improving local air quality, reducing Alabama's water pollution of hazardous waste oil, reducing the state's petroleum dependency, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
(2) To establish a Green Fleets Policy in conjunction with establishing life cycle costing as a method of addressing the management, operation, and procurement of fleet vehicles under the control of the State of Alabama in order to improve the energy efficiency of its fleets and reduce emissions from its fleets.
Section 2. As used in this act the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(1) FUEL ECONOMY. The applicable model year combined highway/city fuel economy with respect to a vehicle as determined on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis as determined by the Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency with respect to the vehicle. If such data is not available from the Administrator, the fuel economy shall be the total in-use fuel consumed divided by the total miles driven for the most recent fiscal year.
(2) HEAVY DUTY VEHICLE. Any motor vehicle, licensed for use on roadways, having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating greater that 14,000 pounds.
(3) LIGHT DUTY VEHICLE. Any motor vehicle designed primarily for the transportation of persons and with a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of 8,500 pounds or less.
(4) MEDIUM DUTY VEHICLE. Any vehicle having a manufacturer's gross vehicle weight rating of 14,000 pounds or less and which is not a light-duty truck or passenger vehicle.
Section 3. (a) In order to establish a baseline of data so that a state Green Fleets Policy may be established, implemented, and monitored, each state department and agency fleet manager shall develop an inventory and analysis of the fleet vehicles within that department or agency as of the close of fiscal year 2009. This inventory shall include the following specific information:
(1) Number of vehicles classified by the model year, make, model, engine size, vehicle identification number (VIN), and drivetrain type (2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive), and the rated vehicle weight and classification as either light-duty, medium-duty, or heavy-duty.
(2) Miles per gallon, or gallon equivalent, per vehicle.
(3) Average fuel economy of all light-duty vehicles in the fleet.
(4) Average fuel economy of all medium-duty vehicles in the fleet.
(5) Average fuel economy of all heavy-duty vehicles in the fleet.
(6) Type of fuel or power source, including, but not limited to, electricity used.
(7) Average cost per gallon, or gallon equivalent of fuel.
(8) Average fuel cost per mile.
(9) Annual miles driven per vehicle.
(10) Total fuel or power consumption per vehicle.
(11) Vehicle function, such as the tasks associated with the vehicle's use.
(b) Fleet managers from state departments and agencies shall be responsible for providing baseline data in a reliable and verifiable manner. The data shall be submitted to the Green Fleets Review Committee established in Section 6 for use in measuring progress toward the goals outlined in Section 4.
Section 4. (a) Except as otherwise provided under this section, the average fleet fuel economy for light-duty vehicles, shall be increased by four percent per fiscal year, rounded to the nearest 1/10 mile per gallon, beginning six months after the date of enactment.
(b) Except as otherwise provided under this section, the average fleet fuel economy for medium-duty vehicles, shall be increased by three percent per fiscal year, rounded to the nearest 1/10 mile per gallon, beginning six months after the date of enactment.
(c) Except as otherwise provided under this section, the average fleet fuel economy for heavy-duty vehicles, shall be increased by two percent per fiscal year, rounded to the nearest 1/10 mile per gallon, beginning six months after the date of enactment.
(d) Notwithstanding the requirements of subsections (a), (b), and (c), the Green Fleet Review Committee may prescribe a lower average fuel economy percentage improvement for a specific fiscal year, if the committee determines that the standards prescribed pursuant to subsections (a), (b), or (c) are neither of the following:
(1) Technologically achievable.
(2) Cost effective, as demonstrated by clear evidence.
(e) If a lower percentage fuel economy improvement is prescribed for a specific fiscal year under subsection (d), that percentage increase shall be the maximum increase that is both of the following:
(1) Technologically achievable.
(2) Cost effective.
(f) In determining cost effectiveness under this section, the committee shall take into account the total value to the nation of reduced petroleum use, including the value of reducing external costs of petroleum use, using a value for such costs equal to 25 percent of the value of a gallon of gasoline saved.
Section 5. (a) In order to accomplish the goals stated in Section 4, the State of Alabama shall modify procurement procedures, implement policies, conduct reviews, and take other actions as provided in this section.
(b) The following shall be the official policies of the State of Alabama pursuant to this act:
(1) To purchase, lease, or otherwise obtain or procure the most energy efficient vehicles possible that meet the operational needs of the department or agency for which the vehicles are intended by using life cycle costing as a method of determining the most cost efficient vehicles for the departments or agencies.
(2) To manage and operate its fleets in a manner that is energy efficient, that minimizes emissions, and that reduces petroleum dependency by utilizing specified proven technology identified by the Green Fleet Review Committee.
(3) To review every new vehicle purchase request and modify as necessary to ensure that the vehicle class to which the requesting vehicle belongs is appropriate for the duty requirements that the vehicle will be called upon to perform.
(4) To review the fleet inventory data required by Section 3 to identify older vehicles that are not used or used infrequently, as well as those vehicles that are disproportionately inefficient, and schedule their elimination or replacement by determining the most cost effective methodology of establishing surplus inventory within all departments and agencies.
(5) To implement an anti-idling policy prohibiting state employees from idling all state-owned or operated vehicles for an excessive period of time.
(6) To implement educational programs for state employees to drive efficiently and utilize efficient vehicle operating techniques.
(7) To maintain vehicles at optimal efficiency by reviewing current maintenance schedule for all fleet vehicles and increasing or decreasing maintenance wherever cost-effective benefits will accrue as a result.
(8) To encourage carpooling and vanpooling by state employees by allowing commuter fees to be paid out of pretax income withholding as allowed by federal tax laws to help reduce fuel consumption, pollution, traffic, and parking congestion.
Section 6. (a) In order to ensure compliance with the goals outlined in Section 4, as well as to monitor the actions outlined in Section 5, a Green Fleets Review Committee is hereby created. The Permanent Joint Legislative Committee on Energy will appoint the members of the Green Fleet Review Committee. The membership of the committee shall reflect the racial, gender, geographic, urban/rural and economic diversity of the state. The chair of the Green Fleets Review Committee may create advisory subcommittees and appointment members thereto, which may include members of the Green Fleets Review Committee, representatives from governmental agencies, and members of the public with interest and expertise in the objectives of the committee. The Green Fleets Review Committee shall create no more than two active advisory subcommittees at any given time unless the committee votes unanimously for additional subcommittees.
(b) The committee, shall thereafter meet at the call of the chair or any majority of the members thereof; provided, that the committee shall meet at least once each four months. The committee shall have a continuing existence and may meet, act, and conduct its business at any place within this state during the sessions of the Legislature or any recess thereof, and in the interim period between sessions.
(c) Each legislative member of the committee or any subcommittee, if created, shall be entitled to his or her regular legislative compensation, his or her per diem, and travel expenses for each day he or she attends a meeting of the committee. Upon requisitions signed by the chair of the committee or subcommittees, these payments shall be paid out of any funds appropriated to the use of the Legislature by means of warrants drawn by the Comptroller on the State Treasury. Notwithstanding the foregoing, no member shall receive additional legislative compensation or per diem when the Legislature is in session or if a member is being paid any other payments on the same dates for attendance on other state business. The total legislative expenditures of the committee shall not exceed five thousand dollars ($5,000) per fiscal year.
(d) On an annual basis, state department and agency fleet managers shall submit a draft of their Green Fleets plan to the Green Fleets Review Committee detailing how vehicle procurement, fleet operations, and employee travel activity are intended to conform to the Green Fleet policies and strategies outlined in Section 5. Each Green Fleets plan submitted shall also include, as an appendix or addendum, an updated fleet vehicle inventory list in the same format as the fleet vehicle inventory required by Section 3.
(e) Each Green Fleets plan shall be reviewed by the committee for overall conformity with the policies and for completeness in addressing the Green Fleets strategies. Inadequate plans shall be returned to the submitting department or agency for revision and discussion with the committee.
(f) Any appeal of the committee's decisions must be made in writing to the committee accompanied by appropriate documentation. Valid reasons for an appeal include unavailability of appropriate fleet vehicles, incremental costs in excess of the full life-cycle savings that would accrue from the acquisition of a given vehicle, and the primacy of a given vehicle's mission to public safety or a similar area judged to be applicable by the committee.
(g) Approval of vehicle procurement requests for each department or agency is contingent upon a satisfactory recommendation from the committee as to the merit of the department or agency's Green Fleets plan.
(h) The most innovative Green Fleets plan implemented shall receive recognition in an annual award to the department or agency submitting the most innovative plan. The committee shall determine the recipient of the award during the annual Green Fleets Review meeting.
Section 7. This act shall become effective immediately following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law.